Fradkin currently works on the issue of religion and politics in Muslim affairs and in the Middle East and writes frequently on those subjects. He is a student of the history of Jewish and Islamic thought. He has recently finished a book on the history of Islam seen through the prism of the conflict between its two main branches, Sunnism and Shiism. He is writing a book that offers an account of the teaching of the Torah or Pentateuch based upon an interpretation of its narrative form. He earned a doctorate in Islamic Studies under the direction of Fazlur Rahman from the University of Chicago and a BA in Government from Cornell University.